In India, Malnutrition has taken a severe turn and calming down the situation is the need of the hour. To realise its severe impacts, first it is important to understand what exactly Malnutrition is. Many organisations have defined Malnutrition and classified countries based on the existing Malnutrition levels in their countries.

What is Malnutrition?

According to World Health Organisation (WHO), Malnutrition refers to deficiencies, excesses, or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. The term malnutrition addresses 3 broad groups of conditions:

  • Undernutrition, which includes wasting (low weight-for-height), stunting (low height-for-age) and underweight (low weight-for-age);
  • Micronutrient-related malnutrition, which includes micronutrient deficiencies (a lack of important vitamins and minerals) or micronutrient excess; and
  • Overweight, obesity and diet-related noncommunicable diseases (such as heart diseases, stroke, diabetes, and some cancers).

Causes for Malnutrition:

            Numerous factors are responsible for Malnutrition – some are known and some are not. Let us see some of the causes of Malnutrition:

  1. Mother’s Health:
  2. Increasing intake of unheathy food
  3. Increasing Social Inequality
  4. Sanitation
  5. Unawareness about Nutrient-rich food:
  6. Lack of diversified food:
  7. Lack of Food security:
  8. Failure of Government approaches:
  9. Disease spread:
  10. Poverty

Effects of Malnutrition:

  1. It affects the overall capability of the population.
  2. If affects the mobility as it becomes difficult to move due to weak bones and muscles.
  3. If affects the posture of a person because weaking of the bones and muscles.
  4. It becomes difficult to do day to day work.
  5. Inability to do any strength work.
  6. It is difficult to overcome any disease if you are malnourished.
  7. Malnutrition makes it difficult to cure or recover from an injury or wound.
  8. Malnutrition leads to poor immune system which in turn makes you more vulnerable to diseases.
  9. Nutrition deficiencies may speed up the rate at which your brain loses neurons, which can impair your speech, coordination, and memory.
  10. It affects the process of our digestion, respiration, excreation among others.